Meningococcal meningitis is not particularly infectious, but NHSFife confirmed on Wednesday that a patient admitted to Victoria Hospital in Kirkcaldy died of the illness.It is only spread through prolonged close contact, such as kissing, sneezing or coughing on someone, but health bodies and doctors have warned of its difficult to spot symptoms and its potentially deadly consequences.Dr Chris McGuigan, consultant in Public Health Medicine, told Fife Today: “Whilst an uncommon infection, invasive meningococcal disease can be very dangerous so it is particularly important to know what to look out for in terms of symptoms.”Are the symptoms what you would expect of normal meningitis? The World Health Organization (WHO) says the average incubation period of symptoms if four days, but can range between two and 10 days, and the most common symptoms include, a stiff neck, a high fever, sensitivity to light, confusion, headaches and vomiting.In addition in infants, bulging fontanelle and a limp body are commonly found.WHO adds: “A less common but even more severe (often fatal) form of meningococcal disease is meningococcal septicaemia, which is characterised by a haemorrhage rash and rapid circulatory collapse.” Dangerous bacterial infections Tue, January 24, 2017 Dangerous bacterial infections from food poisoning to meningitis. Play slideshow Sepsis is also referred to as blood poisoning or septicaemia, it is a potentially life-threatening condition triggered by an infection or injury The infection is a medical emergency , as even with early diagnosis and adequate treatment, eight per cent to 15 per cent of patients die, often within 24 to 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.If it is left untreated, meningococcal meningitis is fatal in 50 per cent of cases and may result in brain damage, hearing loss or disability in 10 per cent to 20 per cent of survivors.Is there a vaccine to prevent against meningococcal meningitis?The meningitis B vaccine is a new vaccine that offers protection against meningococcal group B bacteria.The vaccine is recommended for babies aged eight weeks, 16 weeks and one year as part of the NHS routine childhood vaccination programme.People are advised to call their GP or NHS 24 on 111 where any combination of the symptoms is present.Cases of meningococcal W meningitis and septicaemia (MenW) have been rising for several years.In 2015, a new MenACWY vaccination programme was introduced for teenagers in order to combat its spread.But only a third of school leavers in 2016 had the vaccine.

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